I am trying to tell my 15yr old daughter that an elective high school credit in Graph Theory would be fun next year. Of course I do this as subtly as possible – I start drawing coloring sheets for this post on my iPad and then carefully shade them in. All three of my children slowly sneak up behind me and breath in my ear.
“You know that it will never take more than four colors” I state.
“Really?” I hear my oldest daughter say with a sense of wonder in her voice. “Can I make one?” she asks reaching for my device.
She takes over the iPad. I go for a run. I clean up a bit. She is still designing, thinking, coloring. A wave of gratitude flows over me “Thank God that coloring isn’t just for kindergarten.” We are so blessed to have the abundance and time to be able to color, play, and contemplate.
She finishes her design. “It looks like the beautiful cobbles on our Oregon beaches.” I think, then say.
“That’s what I was going for.” She says. Then gets up and goes back to her school work.
This week I challenge learners to play with coloring sheets. Make your own. Share them. Color them. Contemplate them. Can you restrict the coloring to four colors? It may take some problem solving for more complex sheets.
In graph theory, there is the study of graphs that are made up of nodes (vertices) that are connected with lines (edges). Create a graph for one of your coloring sheets, where the regions are nodes and lines connect the regions that touch.
You could also create a graph with nodes and edges and then the coloring sheet to go with it.
Below are a couple examples (some blank for you, my readers, to use):
Doodling and math? Yes, we can play with doodles and see what patterns emerge. Finding patterns and problem-solving is a big part of math. For this week’s hands-on-math, learners are going to draw a loopy doodle where they start and end at the same point without lifting the pencil (or pen). Try to make sure that crossings are recognizable (not on top of each other). Once a doodle, or masterpiece, is created, then I encourage learners to color it in. Make lots of loopy doodles and see if any patterns or behaviours emerge. This is a great activity for discovery. Create birds, people, or city scenes with loops. Instead of coloring it in, learners can make knots by going over under, over under (erasers are good for this.)
The patterns that emerge with these doodles are fun. What do you think of the negative spaces that are created? My daughter sat down for hours last week and drew one doodle after another after another and said, “Mom, no matter how I draw these, only one color will touch the outside.” I smiled and we talked about how important discovery is. I love that we have the precious time for doodles. She was excited (and not surprised) to hear that there is a whole area of math that looks at how to shade various maps, shapes, and even doodles. My daughter’s drawings are below (with her permission – the butterflies aren’t part of the knots, but definitely needed). She gets credit for picking this week’s math activity.
Do you ever need more than two colors to shade these in?
If you tangle more than one loopy doodle together, does it still work out for shading? What about knots?
Can you classify some of your knots? (count your crossings)